TIPS FOR EFFECTIVE PRESENTATION BY INSTRUCTORS
In Announcing and Performance, instructors are presenters who impart knowledge on particular subjects or skill sets on air. They could serve in educational broadcasting and skills acquisition programmes. Those who work in the latter should offer more practicals (include more activities to ensure successful inculcation of skills in the learners). It is best to have a small studio audience to help the instructor build rapport with the audience, better gauge their comprehension and speed up Q & A or demonstration sessions. However, efforts should be made to carry the home audience along. Below are some tips for effective instruction on air.
Tips to facilitate effective on-air presentation by instructors
• Use a conversational tone as though you were speaking to one person (exude warmth) and use pleasantries to relax the audience.
• Introduce yourself clearly, the programme, station, the topic you are teaching, duration of the episode and what the audience should expect to learn from it. (If it is not the first edition, quickly remind the audience of the last episode’s topic to establish continuity before commencing the new one. You can ask it as a question to create alertness in the audience.)
• Establish some means of feedback for before, during and after each episode of the programme.
• Use a point-by-point method to present your material for easy understanding. Make sure the segments, if any, are clearly delineated.
• Use a multi-media format if the platform you’re presenting on permits that.
• Insert a break or more for commercials, music or light entertainment like a 1-minute cartoon if you can. The number of breaks should be determined by the age of the learners and the duration of the programme. More breaks are needed for children and longer programmes. After the break, be sure to briefly reintroduce yourself, your station, the programme and topic you’re teaching before proceeding.
• Review what you have taught after each segment and at the end.
• Encourage audience participation by asking questions at intervals and giving the audience tasks to perform.
• Give room for questions which you can respond to immediately if possible towards the end of the programme. If pressed for time, you can answer the most pertinent and send the other answers to the audience or briefly answer them before delving into the topic for the next episode.
• Give an assignment based on what you have taught.
• Preview the next episode. Provide a peep into the topic for the next edition to build anticipation.
1. What are the benefits of having a studio audience for instructional presentation?
2. What possible means of feedback can instructors establish for contact with their audience before, during and after each episode of their programmes.
3. Explain how instructors can use a multi-media format to make their presentations more interesting?
4. Suggest ways an instructor can ensure that his audience remains alert.
5. Mention various things that can be used to fill up the break during an instructional programme?
6a. Give one example of a Nigerian instructional programme on any radio, TV station or on the web.
6b. Briefly describe the programme and evaluate the performance style of the presenter.
Drop your questions and impressions in the comments. Thank you!
Two examples of instructional presentations: